Arizona State Constitution

Constitution of the Arizona Territory
of the
Junior State of America

Preamble

We, the members of the Arizona Territory of the Junior State of America, In order to form a more perfect Arizona Junior State program, achieve high standards of citizenship, increase a student understanding of democratic processes, develop responsibility in the individual, and promote involvement in our democracy, do hereby ordain and establish this Constitution of the Arizona National Territory of the Junior State of America.

Article I

Section 1. This organization shall be called the Arizona National Territory of the Junior State of America, may be referred to as the Arizona Junior State (JSAZ), and shall exist as an autonomous division of the Junior State of America (J.S.A).
Section 2. The Jurisdictions of the Arizona Junior State shall include only the territory of the state of Arizona and New Mexico and other territories as defined by the National Council of Governors.
Section 3. A Junior State chapter shall be formed in the Arizona Junior State when a minimum of eight (8) students of a respective high school pay their annual national membership tax and their chapter constitution has been approved by the Arizona Governor. Each chapter shall have a sovereign government, subject only to the Territorial government, the national government, and school rules, that shall not deny the members thereof a republican form of government.
Section 4. The Arizona Junior State shall grant membership to any high school student who has paid the Junior State’s annual national membership tax and is a member of an
official chapter. A high school student is defined as an individual in grades nine (9) through twelve (12).

Article II

Section 1. The legislative powers of the Arizona Junior State shall be vested in a Territorial Council to consist of all Chapter Presidents.
Section 2. Members of the Territorial Council shall meet at least twice each year and/or at Fall and Spring State.
Section 3. The Lieutenant Governor shall serve as the President of the Council and preside over Council meetings, but shall have no vote on any matter before the Council unless the body is equally divided. The council shall also elect a President Pro- Tempore, who shall preside over Council meetings when the Lieutenant Governor is unable to, and a Secretary, who shall be official record keeper.
Section 4. The Governor, Lieutenant Governor jointly, or one-fifth (1/5) of the total membership of the Council, may convene a special meeting of the Territorial Council.
Section 5. As the Arizona Territory grows, a Speaker will be elected by the same procedures for electing a Governor and Lt. Governor. The Speaker will preside over the Territorial Council and be responsible for advocating the platform described in Article IV.

Article III

Section 1. The Territorial Council shall have the power to enact any resolution, bill, Constitutional amendment, et cetera, which it feels is fitting and appropriate for the Arizona Junior State.
Section 2. All Territorial bylaws must be in the form of a bill, and before any bill becomes a bylaw it shall have to first pass the Council by a majority vote, unless otherwise specified, and be signed by the Governor.
Section 3. The Governor shall have the power to veto any bill or resolution passed by the Council and send it back with objections.
Section 4. If, after reconsideration of legislation voted by the Governor, the Council passes said legislation over the Governor’s objections with a two-thirds (2/3) vote, the legislation shall be enacted.
Section 5. If a bylaw or resolution is neither returned to the Council by the Governor with objections nor signed by the Governor within (30) days of it being presented to him/her, the bill shall automatically be enacted.

Article IV

Section 1. The Territorial Council is further empowered to:
Adopt a Platform of the Arizona National Territory of the Junior State of America. This platform shall be the official stance of the Arizona Junior State on youth-related issues and shall be adopted by a two-thirds (2/3) vote.
Establish its own rules and procedures in accordance with parliamentary law; punish its members for misbehavior; and, by a two-thirds (2/3) vote, expel a member.
Establish and elect additional officers for itself.
Impeach any Territorial officer by a three-fourths (3/4) vote.
Confirm by a majority vote the Governor’s appointments to the Territorial Cabinet. Section V
Section 1. The executive powers of the Arizona Junior State shall be vested in a Governor of the Arizona National Territory of the Junior State of America who, along with the Lieutenant Governor, shall be elected at each Spring State. The terms of the Governor and Lieutenant Governor, as for all elected officials, shall begin June 1.
Section 2. The elections for all elected officers shall be governed by a Fair Elections Committee (F.E.C). No member of the Junior State who is declared candidate for elective office may serve as a member of the F.E.C.
Section 3. The Governor and Council shall each appoint two (2) people to the Fair Election Committee.
Section 4. In addition to the appointees prescribed for the previous section, the Lieutenant Governor shall serve as a member of the Fair Elections Committee and serve as its chairman. In the event that the Lt. Governor is running for an elective office, the remaining members of the F.E.C shall together appoint a replacement.
Section 5. The Fair Elections Committee chairman, or his/her designee, shall moderate all election activities at Spring State.
Section 6. Any tax-paid member of the Junior State who resides within the jurisdiction of the Arizona Territory, and will be in grades nine (9) through twelve (12) during their term of office, shall be eligible for all elective offices.
Section 7. In order to be elected to the offices of Governor and Lieutenant Governor, a candidate must receive a majority of all votes cast for the office they are running for.
Section 8. Before assuming office, all elected office, all elected officials shall take the following oath (or affirmation) as administered by the Lt. Governor.
“I, [name of person taking oath], do solemnly swear that I
will support and uphold the Constitution of the Arizona
Junior State of America; that I will bear true faith and allegiance
to the same as well as to the principles of the Junior State of America;
That I take this oath freely without mental reservation or purpose of evasion; And, that I will faithfully discharge the duties of the office upon
Which I am about to enter.”

Article VI

Section 1. The Governor may, with the advice and consent of the Council, establish all departments, agencies, offices, et cetera, that he/she may deem necessary for the proper administration of the Territory.
Section 2. In the event that the office of Governor becomes vacant, the Lieutenant Governor shall attain said office. In the event that the office of Lieutenant Governor becomes vacant, the Governor shall appoint a replacement to said office with the advice and consent of the Territorial Council.
Section 3. The Governor shall, when wishing to do so or when instructed to do so by a majority of the Territorial Council, report to the Legislature concerning the state of the Territory and its affairs. The Governor may also recommend to the Legislature such measures as he/she shall judge and in the best interest of the Territory.
Section VII
Section 1. This Constitution, or specific parts thereof properly approved, shall take immediate effect upon ratification by a two-thirds (2/3) vote of the Council and signature of the Arizona Governor.
Section 2. Amendments to this Constitution shall take effect upon ratification by a three- fourths (3/4) vote of the Territorial Council.

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